Curriculum Vitae or Resume

Curriculum Vitae

A curriculum vita (CV) is similar to a resume.  In the United States, applicants for jobs in research, education, and medicine frequently use a curriculum vitae.  In England and Europe, job seekers more commonly use curriculum vitae instead of a resume.

resume has much less information and is shorter than curriculum vitae.  Most resumes are one or two pages long.  For job seekers in the United States business sector, a resume is more effective in getting interviews with hiring managers who spend just seconds reviewing a resume.

This following example is a skeleton of curriculum vitae.  If you replace your information with the information in this example, you will have written curriculum vitae.

Street Address
City, ST ZIP Code

University, City, State
Doctorate of Philosophy, Concentration or Field,     Year Received
Dissertation: “Name of Dissertation”
Honors: Dissertation passed “with Distinction”

University, City, State
Master of Arts, Master of Science, Concentration or Field,    Year Received
Thesis: “Title of Thesis”

University, City, State
Bachelor of .Arts, Bachelor of .Science, Major    Year Received
Areas of Concentration: List of focused subjects
Minor: Subject
Honors Thesis: “Title of Thesis”

Postdoctoral Fellowship, University Name    Start Date – End Date
President’s Fellowship, University Name    Start Date – End Date
Excellence Grant, University Name   Start Date – End Date

University, City, State
Lecturer – Subject      Years

  1. Prepared and delivered lessons
  2. Developed course structure
  3. Administered all grades

Adjunct Instructor – Capacity    Years

  1. Prepared and delivered lessons
  2. Developed course structure
  3. Administered all grades

Instructor – Subject    Years

  1. Prepared and delivered lessons
  2. Developed course structure
  3. Administered all grades

Teaching Assistant – Subject    Years

  1. Assisted with curriculum and exam development
  2. Graded exams and written work
  3. Met with students regarding field projects

Company Name, City, State
Title    Start Date – End Date
Manage team of field researchers, provide feedback to management, develop new research projects for internal review

Company Name, City, State
Title    Start Date – End Date
List of accomplishments and responsibilities

Company Name, City, State
Title    Start Date – End Date
List of accomplishments and responsibilities

Company Name, City, State
User Interface Design Consultant Pick the Year
List of accomplishments and responsibilities

Title of paper
Location or medium of presentation of paper and date

Title of paper
Location or medium of presentation of paper and date

Name of language or skill and level of competence
Name of language or skill and level of competence
Name of language or skill and level of competence

Society Name or Organization Name
Society Name or Organization Name
Society Name or Organization Name

Image: Microsoft© Office Picture Tools
Resume Format: Microsoft© Word Templates

Resumes that are Short and Sweet

Resumes that are Short and Sweet

Here are some tips for creating resumes that are short and sweet.  These tips will help resume readers see you as a great applicant.  Your credentials will stand out immediately.

Eliminate the summary of your experience.

People often include a summary of the experience at the top of a resume.  The information in your summary belongs with your accomplishments within the body of your resume.  Putting a summary of your experience at the top is unnecessary, is a reading burden, and wastes space.

Eliminate your high school graduation if you are a college grad.

People who have to read resumes do not need to read that you have a high school diploma.  The fact that you have started attending college or have graduated from college shows that you have a high school diploma or the equivalent of a high school diploma.

Eliminate full sentences for your accomplishments and skills.

  1. Increased revenue by 10%
  2. Managed a team to create nationally recognized software development process
  3. Fluent in French, conversant in Spanish
  4. Type 55 words per minute
  5. Operated forklifts and narrow aisle trucks

Eliminate non-skill or education information on your resume.

Hobbies, interests, references, and personal recognition do not belong on your resume.

Include information on certificates and credentials you are studying or have completed.

Even if the certificates or credentials do not apply specifically to the job for which you are applying, a brief statement on these additional studies may broaden a resume reader’s view of your skills.  There may be jobs beyond the one for which you are applying and for which these studies make you fit.

Include information on your major, minor, and other important studies.

  1. Majored in computer science
  2. Minored in math
  3. Completed advanced studies in data analysis
  4. Received a certificate for heat transfer engineering
  5. Interned as an assistant project manager at [specific company]
  6. Studied music for a year under the orchestra master at [name of school]

Include a specific area on your resume for volunteer work.

Volunteer work and community service are important things to have on your resume.  They are particularly meaningful to a person reading your resume when the experiences fit the job for which you are applying.  List the organizations and functions just the way your list companies and skills or accomplishments in your resume.

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How to Bridge Employment Gaps in Your Resume

How to Bridge Employment Gaps in Your Resume
If you have gaps in your resume, you are not alone.  Long recessions and a restructuring of the economy in the United States have created new complications for people who need to find jobs.

New types of jobs often require that job seekers develop new skills.  In some cases, job seekers must receive certifications, credentials, or licenses that require formal training.  Some of this training can require that job seekers take time from work.

The result is that many people go through extended periods of unemployment.  According to an article in USA Today, 20% of the people who have lost work over the past 5 years are still unemployed, and many of those who found work are in temporary jobs.

Knowing how to handle unemployment gaps on your resume is important.

There is value in doing consulting work, temporary assignments, and even volunteer work.  Include information on your resume to help people know what you are doing in addition to seeking a new job.

Job searching involves fundamentals.

The uncertainty of job searching can challenge you mentally, emotionally, and physically.  Your finances become uncertain.  Trying to focus on job searching is just part of the mental challenge of finding a job.  Finding mentors and working with friends can help you stay focused and positive as you go through the daily grind of getting a job.  Practicing the fundamentals of contacting employers, making applications, and continuing to seek employment are all critical to finding a job.

Your social media profile has a role in job search.  

Maintain consistency between your social media and your resume.  If you place a record of your career track on LinkedIn or Google Plus, make sure that the records you keep on those websites and profiles on other sites are consistent with each other and with your resume.

List employment periods in years.

Job seekers frequently list periods of employment in years only.  The goal of your resume is to get you to an interview.  If there are periods of weeks of unemployment in your past, getting to an interview to discuss those periods of unemployment is better than not getting to an interview at all.

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How to Write a Resume

How to Write a Resume

How to write a resume: having a resume is an essential part of getting a job for most people.  I based the information in this article on two sources.  The first source is the hundreds of resumes I have read as a corporate recruiter.  The second source is the feedback I have received from hiring managers, staffing managers, other recruiters, and from interviewing hundreds of applicants.  These are suggestions only, but the layout is a working format.  If you replace the information below with your information, you will have written a resume.

A resume is similar to a job application.  When you complete a job application, you will need to list the jobs you have had, where you performed those jobs, and when you had those jobs.  Therefore, you will find it useful to have your resume with you as you complete job applications.

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Your name
Street address
City, State Zip
Home phone
Cell phone
Email address

Stating an objective or a giving a summary at the beginning of the resume is common practice.  Stating an objective or providing a summary is optional.

There is no sentence structure in a resume.  The wording in a resume is simply a series of statements of actions and accomplishments.

For example, this is a sentence: I doubled the company’s sales in 6 months.
This is resume wording: Doubled company’s sales in 6 months.

The history in a resume is just a list that includes employment periods, performance, skills, responsibilities, accomplishments, and education.

(Most recent job first)
Company Name; company Location,   From –to
Most recent title, Location, From – to

Use bullet format.
•        List things you have accomplished.  Do not waste space on your just giving a job description.  List things that showed that you made a difference in the positions you held.
•        Use facts—for example, exceeded assigned sales goal by 30%, reduced costs, promoted people, saved time, increased productivity, etc.
•        Employers and recruiters search their databases for specific words, so list successes with specific industry words or functions.  Include the real name of your product categories, product names, sales accounts, functions (e.g., Profit & Loss, Market Research or Software Names, New Product Development, Market Insights, Innovation), etc.

Next List Previous Titles at this company and again list successes and accomplishments in bullet format.

Then include Previous Companies going back in time from most recent.

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Normally, education goes at the bottom of the resume.  People who have recently received an educational degree or credential that alters their employability might consider putting education at the top of the resume.

Other items that might go at the bottom of the resume are awards, extra skills, volunteer work, or perhaps some relevant college employment.

Hiring managers only spend seconds looking at each resume.  They are going through stacks of resumes, often in documents that they have to open one at a time.

Avoiding the following items might make the difference as to whether a hiring manager reads your resume.

References available on request
Long paragraph formats
Long-winded discussions of core responsibilities
Too many details on jobs with well-known functions
Details on jobs that date back in time
Paragraph formatting
Third person reference

Image: Credential Free Clipart

Common Resume Lies


Resume Lies

“Oh, what a tangled web we weave
When first we practise to deceive!” – Walter Scott

Common resume lies are indeed fairly common.  However, telling these lies creates complications for the applicant.

A few years ago, a human resources manager told me that a position he had filled had reopened for search.

He explained that a job applicant had lied on his application and on his resume.  The applicant stated that he had graduated from a university.  However, when the hiring company received a copy of the applicant’s college transcripts, the records indicated that the applicant had not graduated.

The most common resume lies are lies of omission.  Job applicants leave off a job or jobs.  In some cases, the applicant wants to hide an embarrassing reason for leaving a company.  In other cases, an applicant may want to make their experience show greater stability.

With all the years of tracking applicants, I have files on the careers of thousands of people.  I have thousands of resumes.  I have a good memory.  Many staffing professionals have similar resources.

Online records also cover career history.  Often I uncover omitted information on a resume by comparing the resume with the person’s profile on LinkedIn.  There are copies of resumes on job boards.  The problem with any lie is that once you tell it you have to live it.

Another common lie is about income.  Wanting to get the most out of a pay raise in making a job change, applicants write false income information on a job application.  It is quite common for employers to ask applicants for a check stub or a Form W-2, Wage and Tax Statement – Internal Revenue Service.

Business Insider lists ten senior executives who lied about their credentials.  In each case, the lies of the executives became public.  One of the more interesting cases in the business article is the one of that of a Norwegian executive whose resume lies landed her in prison.

If you are going to lie on your resume, it is probably better that you not get advice from a corporate recruiter on how to do it.  Recruiters have contracts that require that they confirm the accuracy of the information applicants give to hiring companies.

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10 Things To Leave Off Your Resume

10 Things to Leave Off Your Resume

Remember that a hiring manager will only spend seconds looking at your resume.  Cutting the clutter is critical to your resume getting you an interview.

Recognize that you are sending personal information that stays in computer files for months to years.

Ask two questions when you are writing your resume.

  • Will this information get you an interview?
  • Will this information create risks to you or your family?

With these two thoughts in mind, I recommend that you leave the following information off your resume.

1. Leave the statement “References provided upon request” off your resume. When employers want to conduct reference checks, they will ask you for references and tell you what type of people to include in your references.

2. Leave an objective off your resume. Your objective is clear from the fact that you are submitting your resume for a job.

3. Leave fancy designs or colors off your resume. Your resume is not a website.  It is a formal business document.

4. Leave letters of recommendation off your resume.  You can include letters of recommendation with your resume, but not in your resume.

5. Leave the word “Resume” off your resume.  You can put the word “resume” in the subject line of an email or in a cover letter, but do not title your resume, “Resume.”  Putting the title “Resume” at the top is similar putting the word “Letter” at the top of a letter or the word “Email” at the top of an email.

6. Unless your hobbies make you qualified for the job for which you are applying, leave your hobbies off your resume.  Your list of hobbies is a tiring distraction for hiring and staffing managers, who read dozens to hundreds of resumes.

7. Leave your picture off your resume.  If you are interviewing for a job that requires that you give pictures of yourself, create a portfolio.

8. Leave personal and confidential information off your resume.  The purpose of leaving this information off your resume is that you are releasing information that will not help you but may hurt you or your family.  Specifically, leave this information off your resume.

  • Leave your height and weight off your resume.
  • Leave your ethnicity off your resume.
  • Leave your physical description off your resume.
  • Leave your marital status and information about your children off your resume.
  • Leave your date of birth off your resume.
  • Leave your social security information off your resume.
  • Leave statements about your home ownership off your resume.
  • Leave your income off your resume.
  • Leave your financial information off your resume.
  • Unless this information qualifies you for a job, leave your political, religious, or social affiliations off your resume.

9. Leave anything negative about yourself off your resume: low or mediocre grade-point averages, career or business failures, criminal history, or statements about losing a job off your resume.

10. If you have attended college or trade schools, leave your grade school or high school information off your resume.

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For more information

Cutting Weak Wording From Your Resume
Is a List of Core Responsibilities a Resume?
Is Your Resume a Success Story?

Will that Professionally Prepared Resume Get You a Job?

Will that Professionally Prepared Resume Get You a Job?

Will that Professionally Prepared Resume Get You a Job?  Some people spend a lot of money having a resume professionally prepared.  The result can be outstanding.  People who prepare resumes for a living have spent a lot of time and money learning how to prepare resumes.  These people provide a valuable service for clients.

It is each job seeker’s responsibility to have a resume.  The purpose of the resume is to provide recruiters and hiring managers with information that will get the job seeker interviews and job offers.

I have read that recruiters and hiring managers spend as little as six seconds looking at a resume.  As a recruiter, I can say that I spend just a few seconds deciding whether to save a resume or delete it.

I no doubt have missed resumes that just did not catch my eye as a fit.  I do not think that I am unusual.  Recruiters and hiring managers have specific information they are trying to find in a resume.  The following factors that can make those things hard to find:

  • The design in layout and colors
  • Long-winded summaries and objectives
  • A job seeker’s use of descriptive personal wording
  • A weak list of accomplishments, skills, and training

The format of a resume is important.  Microsoft Word has resume templates that to me are distracting in comparison to a simple word document that contains these three elements of information about the job seeker.

  • Contact information
  • Employment history and accomplishments
  • Education and training summary

If you are considering using a professional writer, I would evaluate the person on the following qualities:

  • Examples of their work
  • How comfortable you are about the person’s interest in developing your resume in a way that it can be tailored to specific company applications
  • How well the resume writer is able to create a resume that represents you and not how well it will display their styles

When recruiter or hiring manager opens your resume, the first thing the person should notice is the content not the style.  If the style draws your eyes to the content, then the resume is effective.

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